By Xiaobai Shen (auth.)
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Extra info for The Chinese Road to High Technology: A Study of Telecommunications Switching Technology in the Economic Transition
Strategic considerations have motivated many countries to ensure national ownership or control of production facilities and innovation capabilities of the technologies involved. However, recent advances in switching technologies - the move to electronic switches, and in particular to programmed control and digitisation underpinning PDSS - have been associated with a dramatic escalation of research and development 16 The Chinese Road to High Technology costs. This posed particular problems for poorer (for example, smaller and especially developing) countries which lacked the necessary financial and human resources.
We also note the increasing attention paid in contemporary development studies to the role of the state, and the social and economic structure of a country, in technology development. Developing countries' technology development cannot be treated as a subject which has a universally applicable recipe. Each country has its own peculiarities arising from its social and economic development history and position in the world economy and politics. Thus, development, including technological development, would better be seen as a strategic issue, and to some extent a race between developing countries, and a race with a powerful developed world.
Tight budgets could not meet the needs of modernising the whole country's telecommunications infrastructure. Financial pressures led the central government to adopt a set of decentralisation policies intended to raise the necessary funds. First, local Posts and Telecommunications Administrations4 were made responsible for the local infrastructure and allowed to raise funds from various local sources - for instance, from local government, business organisations, and individuals. Second, government control over telecommunications charges (which had remained unchanged for several decades) was liberalised, with the result that the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (MPT) adjusted charges in the 1980s, and local Posts and Telecommunications Administrations were given scope to make certain additional charges to meet their own circumstances.
The Chinese Road to High Technology: A Study of Telecommunications Switching Technology in the Economic Transition by Xiaobai Shen (auth.)