Download PDF by Xiaobai Shen (auth.): The Chinese Road to High Technology: A Study of

By Xiaobai Shen (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0312223625

ISBN-13: 9780312223625

ISBN-10: 1349410683

ISBN-13: 9781349410682

ISBN-10: 1403905509

ISBN-13: 9781403905505

ISBN-10: 5432108070

ISBN-13: 9785432108074

Show description

Read or Download The Chinese Road to High Technology: A Study of Telecommunications Switching Technology in the Economic Transition PDF

Best chinese books

Get Chinese Military Power: Report of an Independent Task Force PDF

In line with matters approximately China's accomplished army modernization, the Council on overseas kin shaped an self sufficient activity strength to evaluate the present point of chinese language army strength and its power destiny development. the duty strength chanced on that China is pursuing a planned process army modernization, yet is at the very least 20 years at the back of the us when it comes to army expertise and strength.

Download PDF by Ping-Chung Leung; Harry Hong Sang Fong; Charlie Changli Xue: Current Review of Chinese Medicine: Quality Control of Herbs

Текущий обзор китайской медицины: контроль качества трав и травяных материалов the second one quantity of this ebook sequence at the sleek perform of chinese language drugs maintains with the point of interest on evidence-based TCM study. it truly is thinking about specified information regarding the easiest assets of natural offer and its qc required for study and drug improvement reasons.

Download PDF by James Reeve Pusey: Lu Xun and evolution

This booklet stories essentially the most vital figures in glossy chinese language highbrow background, China's maximum glossy author, Lu Xun (1881-1936). His trenchant criticisms of the China of his day nonetheless converse on to what may be known as, with no hyperbole, the present hindrance in philosophical and political proposal within the People's Republic.

Read e-book online Tuttle Learning Chinese Characters: A Revolutionary New Way PDF

This user–friendly booklet is geared toward aiding scholars of Mandarin chinese language examine and consider chinese language characters. At last—there is a very potent and relaxing approach to study chinese language characters! This publication is helping scholars to profit and bear in mind either the meanings and the pronunciations of over 800 characters.

Extra info for The Chinese Road to High Technology: A Study of Telecommunications Switching Technology in the Economic Transition

Example text

Strategic considerations have motivated many countries to ensure national ownership or control of production facilities and innovation capabilities of the technologies involved. However, recent advances in switching technologies - the move to electronic switches, and in particular to programmed control and digitisation underpinning PDSS - have been associated with a dramatic escalation of research and development 16 The Chinese Road to High Technology costs. This posed particular problems for poorer (for example, smaller and especially developing) countries which lacked the necessary financial and human resources.

We also note the increasing attention paid in contemporary development studies to the role of the state, and the social and economic structure of a country, in technology development. Developing countries' technology development cannot be treated as a subject which has a universally applicable recipe. Each country has its own peculiarities arising from its social and economic development history and position in the world economy and politics. Thus, development, including technological development, would better be seen as a strategic issue, and to some extent a race between developing countries, and a race with a powerful developed world.

Tight budgets could not meet the needs of modernising the whole country's telecommunications infrastructure. Financial pressures led the central government to adopt a set of decentralisation policies intended to raise the necessary funds. First, local Posts and Telecommunications Administrations4 were made responsible for the local infrastructure and allowed to raise funds from various local sources - for instance, from local government, business organisations, and individuals. Second, government control over telecommunications charges (which had remained unchanged for several decades) was liberalised, with the result that the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (MPT) adjusted charges in the 1980s, and local Posts and Telecommunications Administrations were given scope to make certain additional charges to meet their own circumstances.

Download PDF sample

The Chinese Road to High Technology: A Study of Telecommunications Switching Technology in the Economic Transition by Xiaobai Shen (auth.)

by Paul

Rated 4.53 of 5 – based on 32 votes